TEHRAN – Saqai Ab-Anbar, an abandoned cistern in Behshahr, northern Mazandaran province, is being restored and revived, the provincial tourism chief has said.
A budget of 700 million rials ($2,400) has been allocated to the project, Mehdi Izadi said on Thursday.
The Safavid-era (1501-1736) structure is planned to become a tourist attraction of the region, he noted.
The cistern has been inscribed on the national heritage list.
The term Ab-Anbar is common throughout Iran as a designation for roofed underground water cisterns. It associates with water management systems in arid areas that are reliant on permanent springs or seasonal rainwater.
Such underground reservoirs or Ab-Anbars are parts of the iconic qanat systems, which rely on snow-fed streams flowing down from surrounding mountains.
Qanats, according to UNESCO, provide exceptional testimony to cultural traditions and civilizations in desert areas with an arid climate.
Sandwiched between the towering Alborz mountain range and the Caspian Sea, Mazandaran has a rich yet turbulent history. An early civilization flourished at the beginning of the first millennium BC in Mazandaran (Tabarestan).
Its insecure eastern and southeastern borders were crossed by Mongol invaders in the 13th and 14th centuries. Cossacks attacked the region in 1668 but were repulsed. It was ceded to the Russian Empire by a treaty in 1723, but the Russians were never secure in their occupation. The area was restored to Iran under the Qajar dynasty.
The northern section of the region consists of lowland alongside the Caspian and upland along the northern slopes of the Alborz Mountains. Marshy backlands dominate the coastal plain, and extensive gravel fans fringe the mountains. The climate is permanently subtropical and humid, with very hot summers.
Original News : https://www.tehrantimes.com/news/475150/Abandoned-cistern-being-revived-in-northern-Iran