May 22, 2022

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Why should US guarantee compliance with potential deal?

The eighth round of the Vienna talks kicked off in December 27, 2021, but representatives from Iran, the European Union and the P4+1 group (Britain, France, Russia, China plus Germany) still hold talks after more than 50 days of negotiations, which is the longest and most complicated round of talks among the Joint Commission meetings of the Joint comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

Reports say that delegations are busy finalizing a draft text and take decision on issues of difference. Most negotiating teams are of the opinion that the talks are moving forward despite some complications.

Josep Borrell, High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, wrote on his Twitter account that he expects an agreement, because the time for final stage has come.

Iran’s Foreign Ministry Spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh also tweeted that key issues should be discussed, and that a Vienna agreement waits for political decisions by the other side, because Tehran decided years ago to stay in the JCPOA; so, Iranians are waiting for answers to the Islamic Republic’s proposals.

Some sources stipulated that remaining issues include the fate of Iran’s advanced centrifuges, as well as Iranians’ demand for assurances and lifting almost 300 sanctions irrelevant to the nuclear deal.

One of the most important sources of dispute is the United States’ guarantee for refuting future withdrawal from the JCPOA and re-imposing sanctions, but unfortunately the key issue has not been highlighted by media outlets.

Iran’s Ambassador to Moscow Kazem Jalali said in an interview with Rossiya Segodnya news agency that the Islamic Republic seeks revival of the nuclear deal as it emphasizes the need for assurances that any change in the US’ future administration will not end up in imposing new sanctions on Tehran.

The administration of former US president Donald Trump’s withdrawal from the JCPOA in May 2018 and re-imposed sanctions on Iran; so, the Iranian negotiators try to prevent repeating such a scenario in the future; thus, they urge for firm assurances.

American authorities have so far underlined that they are incapable of giving assurances in this respect. Of course, part of the incapability comes from the division of representatives in both Senate and House of Representatives.

The Wall Street Journal tried to justify the hesitation to guarantee any potential Vienna agreement, claiming that the JCPOA is an agreement not a treaty; so, the deal can only be an executive agreement, which can be ruled out by any future president.

The WSJ also alleged that Iran wants to condition possible US withdrawal from the JCPOA to the United Nations’ permission.

“Interim agreement” is another strategy, which has been put forward by the Western sides, but Tehran has dismissed such an accord, noting that Iran will accept merely a permanent consensus, which guarantee instant removal of sanctions.

“Economic guarantee” has been mentioned by Robert Malley, the United States Special Representative for Iran. Malley proposed that the US and its allies would pave the way for vast investments by American companies in Iran’s economy, which is seen as a plot to find a foothold in the Islamic country. It seems that the American authorities proposed economic investments in a bid to get in the way of implementing strategic cooperation between Tehran and Beijing or Moscow.


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