Iran newspaper published a memo written by Jalal Bahraini, a researcher in international law, on Saturday, who explained:
Reports published in media outlets indicate that despite holding several rounds of talks at expert level, the United States has still problems will accepting three topics.
One, the Americans are not willing to give assurances that they will not withdraw from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) in the future.
Two, the White House does not agree upon verification of lifting sanctions by Iran.
Three, Washington does not want to guarantee that it will not impose new sanctions in the future.
Therefore, the discourses of Iran and the US are obviously different; the Iranians pursue negotiations for lifting sanctions, but Western states seek negotiations for revival of the JCPOA. The difference is not only rhetoric but also practical. The Islamic Republic is after getting rid of sanctions and achieving promised advantages of the nuclear deal, while the Europeans admit that they are not capable in dealing with the US, so they tie every progress to the United States’ return to the agreement.
The US’s insistence on revival of the JCPOA in a situation that the former US administration withdrew from the deal in May 2018 and re-imposed cruel sanctions on Iran has created the question that what the current administration in Washington is pursuing other than returning to the deal in order to find an opportunity to trigger a dispute resolution process against Tehran.
– Iran’s essential conditions for a good deal
It is obvious that the main reason that the P5+1 group (the US, the UK, France, Russia, China plus Germany) could evade complying with their commitments under the JCPOA is that there was not any mechanism to verify the group’s commitment. Thus, the Islamic Republic is emphasizing on verification of implementation of obligations in order to guarantee Iran’s rights under the agreement.
– Reversibility of JCPOA Commitments
The issue of reversibility of JCPOA commitments provided the US and Europe with a chance to return to the situation prior to the signing the deal. Snapback or trigger mechanism, which was envisaged in Article 37 of the nuclear agreement, paves the way for returning to previous situation within 31 days. But returning to the previous situation is very hard for Iran because reconstruction of Arak Heavy Water Reactor and fixation of demolished centrifuges will takes several years and will cost too much for the country.
Iranians seek to get assurances to prevent the US or other signatories to the deal from future withdrawal, so step-by-step moves to return to their commitments seems to be necessary to guarantee verification of their future agreement.
Tehran has time and again noted that re-imposition of sanctions will be considered as a green light to Iranians to expand their peaceful nuclear activities freely. It is worth mentioning that the important issue was stated in the last sentence of the Article 37 of the JCPOA.
Iranian negotiating team’s persistence in pursuing Iran’s nuclear rights for lifting all sanctions imposed by the United States after its withdrawal from the JCPAO, calling for verification of future measures, and demanding assurances for avoiding future withdrawal from the deal create a legal and rational basis to find a way out of the current situation regarding the implementation of the nuclear agreement.
Taking into consideration the failure of the so-called “maximum pressure” on Iran, the new Iranian administration’s determination to nullify sanctions, and Tehran’s capability to enrich uranium to 60 percent, the Western sides have no choice other than accepting Iranians’ legitimate demands on lifting sanctions, verifying of future measures, and providing assurances for preventing from potential withdrawal from the nuclear deal.
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Original News : https://en.irna.ir/news/84655040/Iran-s-take-of-good-agreement-in-Vienna-talks
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